Saffron is not only a popular and luxurious spice in the kitchen but also a widely used perfume ingredient.
What is it?
Saffron is the pistils of the Crocus Sativus or the saffron crocus. The stamps and the styles contain the fragrance, colour, and flavour and they are picked and dried by hand. Because of this labour-intensive process, saffron is more expensive than gold. For 1 kilo of dried saffron, 150,000 flowers are needed, which is equivalent to around 2000 m2 of saffron plants.
How does it smell?
Saffron smells strong, leathery, soft, earthy, hay-like, reminding slightly of rubber. The scent comes from the chemical compounds of picrocrocin and safranal. Saffron is often added to perfumes to support a leather chord.
Did you know?
- Iran is the world's largest saffron producer with a 90% market share.
- Saffran is the most expensive spice in the world, and often sold by the gram or the milligram.
- The ingredient crocine provides it beautiful golden yellow colour of saffron.